Payal Kamboj, Anjali Mahore, Asif Husain, Mohammad Amir

Benzothiazole‐based apoptosis inducers: A comprehensive overview and future prospective

  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science

AbstractCancer has become a major concern in healthcare globally, and over time, incidences and prevalence of cancer are increasing. To counter this, a lot of anticancer drugs are approved and are in clinical use, playing a pivotal role in its treatment. Due to drug resistance and adverse effects, a continuous demand for novel, potent, and safe candidates to treat cancer is always there. Over the last few decades, various heterocyclic ring‐based derivatives have been explored and reported in the literature. In this regard, benzothiazole scaffold‐based compound emerged as the versatile ring for developing novel and safe anticancer candidates. In this article, we have reported various benzothiazole heterocyclic ring‐based derivatives demonstrating potent antiproliferative activity by induction of apoptosis via an intrinsic pathway in a dose‐dependent manner. These compounds also displayed inhibition of different enzymes, for example, Aurora kinase, epidermal growth factor receptor, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, phosphoinositide kinases, DNA topoisomerase, and tubulin polymerases. This study focused on a comprehensive overview of antiproliferative activity, structure–activity relationship, apoptosis induction activity, and enzyme inhibition by benzothiazole‐based compounds.

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