Sheng-Min Wang, Dong Woo Kang, Yoo Hyun Um, Sunghwan Kim, Chang Uk Lee, Hyun Kook Lim

Depression Is Associated with the Aberration of Resting State Default Mode Network Functional Connectivity in Patients with Amyloid-Positive Mild Cognitive Impairment

  • General Neuroscience

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an intermediate stage between normal aging and dementia, and a significant number of individuals with MCI progress to develop dementia. Depression is prevalent in MCI patients and has been found to influence the disease progression of MCI. The default mode network (DMN), a brain network associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and its functional connectivity might be a neurological mechanism linking depression and AD. However, the relationship between depression, DMN functional connectivity, and cerebral beta-amyloid (Aβ) pathology remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate DMN functional connectivity differences in Aβ-positive MCI patients with depression compared to those without depression. A total of 126 Aβ-positive MCI patients were included, with 66 having depression and 60 without depression. The results revealed increased functional connectivity in the anterior DMN in the depression group compared to the non-depression group. The functional connectivity of the anterior DMN positively correlated with depression severity but not with Aβ deposition. Our findings suggest that depression influences DMN functional connectivity in Aβ-positive MCI patients, and the depression-associated DMN functional connectivity aberrance might be an important neural mechanism linking depression, Aβ pathology, and disease progression in the trajectory of AD.

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