DOI: 10.3390/pr12030535 ISSN: 2227-9717

Control-Volume-Based Exergy Method of Truncated Busemann Inlets in Off-Design Conditions

Meijun Zhu, Shuai Zhou, Yang Liu, Zhehong Li, Ziyun Chen
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Bioengineering

A scramjet engine consisting of several components is a highly coupled system that urgently needs a universal performance metric. Exergy is considered as a potential universal currency to assess the performance of scramjet engines. In this paper, a control-volume-based exergy method for the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes solution of truncated and corrected Busemann inlets was proposed. An exergy postprocessing code was developed to achieve this method. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of exergies in the Busemann inlets were performed. A complete understanding of the evolution process of anergy and the location where anergy occurs in the inlet at various operation conditions was also obtained. The results show that the exergy destroyed in the Busemann inlet can be decomposed into shock wave anergy, viscous anergy and thermal anergy. Shock wave anergy accounts for less than 4% of the total exergy destroyed while thermal anergy and viscous anergy, in a roughly equivalent magnitude, contribute to almost all the remaining. The vast majority of inflow exergy is converted into boundary pressure work and thermal exergy. Some of the thermal exergy excluded by the computation of the total pressure recovery coefficient belongs to the available energy, as this partial energy will be further converted into useful work in combustion chambers.

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