Fuchen Xing, Xia Zhang, Saiguang Ji, Yi Zeng, Hai Zhou, Jian Xu, Chenyan Wang, Hong Liu

Computer Tomography (CT)-Based Study to Investigate Feasibility and Efficacy of Thoracoscopic Surgery in the Treatment of Penetrating Chest Wall Tuberculosis

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Background:: Chest wall tuberculosis may develop if tuberculous (TB) lesions spread through the chest wall and invade the thoracic cavity. The presence of a mass on the patient's chest wall may be the first indication of TB, and a chest CT scan can help diagnose external penetrating chest wall TB, the incursion of tuberculosis from the lungs into the chest wall. Objective:: This study examines the safety and efficacy of thoracoscopic-assisted surgery for the treatment of penetrating chest wall tuberculosis as a means of exploring novel concepts of minimally invasive surgery. Methods:: Our hospital conducted a retrospective study of 25 patients with penetrating chest wall TB who underwent thoracoscopic surgery between January 2020 and June 2021. General demographics, CT scan data linked to surgery, and postoperative patient outcomes were compared between the two groups. The data was also evaluated to determine the range of operation time and the volume of bleeding from different foci in the thoracic cavity. Results:: All procedures went well after patients took conventional antituberculosis medication for at least two weeks prior to surgery. CT scans showed that thoracoscopic surgery needed a smaller incision than traditional chest wall TB surgery, with no discernible increase in surgical time. Postoperative tube use, length of hospital stay, and blood loss were all significantly lower than they would have been with conventional surgery. In addition, thoracoscopy was associated with a significantly reduced rate of subsequent treatment. Fibrous plate development and calcification caused the longest operation times in the thoracoscopic surgery group, whereas multiple pleural tuberculomas generated the most hemorrhage. Thoracoscopic surgery usually reveals tuberculous foci hiding in the thoracic cavity. Conclusion:: Thethoracic surgery can eliminate the TB focus in the chest wall and intrathoracic while treating penetrating chest wall tuberculosis. The CT scan is a crucial part of the diagnostic process for these patients. Minor surgical trauma, low complication and recurrence rates, and good results. There is a greater distinction between the two surgical approaches for patients with penetrating chest wall TB as opposed to those with basic chest wall tuberculosis.

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