Tímea R. Kégl, Tamás Kégl

Comparative Analysis of Nickel–Phosphine Complexes with Cumulated Double Bond Ligands: Structural Insights and Electronic Interactions via ETS-NOCV and QTAIM Approaches

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science

This study presents a comprehensive analysis of nickel–phosphine complexes, specifically Ni(PH3)2(OCCH2), Ni(PH3)2(H2CCO), Ni(PH3)2(H2CCCH2), Ni(PH3)2(NNCH2), and Ni(PH3)2(η1-H2CNN). Utilizing ETS-NOCV analysis, we explored orbital energy decomposition and the Hirshfeld charges of the ligands, providing insights into the electronic structures and donor–acceptor interactions within these complexes. The interactions in the ketene and allene complexes exhibit similar deformation densities and NOCV orbital shapes to those calculated for Ni(PH3)2(NNCH2), indicating consistent interaction characteristics across these complexes. The total interaction energy for all η2 complexes is observed to be over 60 kcal/mol, slightly exceeding that of the analogous carbon dioxide complex reported earlier. Furthermore, the study highlights the stronger back-donation as compared to donor interactions across all η2 complexes. This is further corroborated by Hirshfeld analysis, revealing the charge distribution dynamics within the ligand fragments. The research offers new perspectives on the electron distribution and interaction energies in nickel–phosphine complexes, contributing to a deeper understanding of their catalytic and reactive behaviors.

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