Kiyong Na, So-Woon Kim

Coexistence of Colorectal Cancer and Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease in the Same Lesion: A Rare Case with Molecular Classification

  • Clinical Biochemistry

Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a novel fibroinflammatory disorder characterized by enlargement of the involved organs, elevated IgG4 levels, and abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells. Indeed, primary colon cancers arising from IgG4-RD are rare. This case report describes a rare occurrence of simultaneous colorectal cancer and IgG4-RD in the same lesion in a 62-year-old male patient. The patient underwent a right hemicolectomy under the suspicion of primary colon cancer. The mass was grossly well-defined and yellowish tan, and the background colon was fibrotic. Microscopically, the tumor cells showed glandular differentiation characteristic of adenocarcinoma in a background of dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration with fibrosis and obliterative phlebitis in the pericolic fat tissue. IgG4 immunohistochemical staining showed diffuse positivity in infiltrating plasma cells. The patient was administered adjuvant chemotherapy and prednisolone therapy. The patient’s serum IgG4 levels gradually decreased, and a follow-up positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan 1 year after surgery showed no evidence of local or distant recurrence of colorectal cancer. IgG4-RD occurring concurrently with primary colon adenocarcinoma has not been reported. Increased awareness of this rare coexistence can guide clinicians in navigating diagnostic complexities and selecting optimal therapeutic strategies.

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