DOI: 10.1177/107110079401500701 ISSN:

Clinical Rating Systems for the Ankle-Hindfoot, Midfoot, Hallux, and Lesser Toes

Harold B. Kitaoka, Ian J. Alexander, Robert S. Adelaar, James A. Nunley, Mark S. Myerson, Melanie Sanders
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

Four rating systems were developed by the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society to provide a standard method of reporting clinical status of the ankle and foot. The systems incorporate both subjective and objective factors into numerical scales to describe function, alignment, and pain.

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