DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.13903 ISSN: 0303-6979

Clinical and histological wound healing patterns of collagen‐based substitutes: An experimental randomized controlled trial in standardized palatal defects in humans

Stefan P. Bienz, Naida Gadzo, Anina N. Zuercher, Daniel Wiedemeier, Ronald E. Jung, Daniel S. Thoma
  • Periodontics



To evaluate the progression of wound healing of standardized palatal defects in groups using three different collagen‐based wound dressings and a control group, in terms of wound closure, pain perception and descriptive histology.

Materials and Methods

Twenty participants were enrolled in this experimental study, in whom four palatal defects were created. The defects (6 mm diameter, 3 mm depth) were randomly assigned to one of four treatment modalities: C (control), MG (Mucograft®), MD (mucoderm®) and FG (Fibro‐Gide®). Photographs were taken, and pain assessment was performed before and after treatment and at 5, 7, 9, 12, 14 and 16 days after surgery. All participants wore a palatal splint for a duration of 16 days.


All groups achieved complete wound closure at 14 days. The percentage of the remaining open wound on day 7 amounted to 49.3% (C; interquartile range [IQR]: 22.6), 70.1% (FG; IQR: 20.7), 56.8% (MD; IQR: 26.3) and 62.2% (MG; IQR: 34.4). Statistically significant differences were found between FG and C (p =.01) and between MD and FG (p =.04). None of the participants rated pain higher than 4 out of 10 during the entire study period.


Collagen‐based wound dressings provide coverage of open defects, albeit without acceleration of wound closure or reduction of pain. FG (which is not intended for open oral wounds) showed slower wound closure compared to C and MD.

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