DOI: 10.1177/87552930231213072 ISSN: 8755-2930

City-scale buildings damage estimation based on broadband physics-based ground motion simulation of 2021 Ms 6.4 Yangbi, China, earthquake

Fangbo Wang, Yaowen Zhang, Xuchuan Lin, Zhenning Ba
  • Geophysics
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

This article proposed a computational workflow for city-scale building damage estimation based on broadband physics-based ground motion simulation. The dynamic stiffness matrix method in frequency-wavenumber domain is employed for broadband physics-based ground motion simulation of finite fault along with site response correction using equivalent-linear site response analysis approach. With simulated ground motion, seismic response of buildings, using multi-degree of freedom model, is simulated using nonlinear time history analysis, and building damage is evaluated based on a trilinear backbone curve of story’s nonlinear force-drift model. Main advantage of the framework lies in the employed dynamic stiffness matrix method for ground motion simulation, which can efficiently generate broadband ground motions in perfect parallel and naturally capture the physics of finite fault source, propagation path, and spatial variability characteristics of ground motion. To demonstrate the salient features of proposed workflow, the 2021 Ms 6.4 Yangbi earthquake is simulated with frequency resolution up to 20 Hz, and seismic damage of buildings in Yangbi county are estimated. Results show that most traditional wood-adobe structures suffer moderate to severe damage, and engineered seismic buildings (mostly RC frame) in Yangbi county suffer minor damage, which agrees with field investigation results.

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