D.M. Ashoka Priyadarshani Dissanayake, Kumudini Paba Dharmasena, Sudath Shirley Pathmasiri Warnakulasuriya

Challenges of integrating patient safety into nursing curricula: An integrative literature review

  • Health Policy
  • Health (social science)
  • Leadership and Management

Introduction The World Health Organization's Multi-Professional Patient Safety (PS) Curriculum (WHO-MPSC) was introduced in 2011, which made PS content easily available for nursing educators to integrate into their own curricula. With the exception of a few developed countries that have their own PS frameworks, many countries have yet to fully integrate PS concepts in pre-licensure healthcare education. The literature reveals numerous challenges when attempting to integrate new patient safety (PS) concepts. Due to the lack of updated synthesis and appraisal of these challenges, a synthesis of findings from the literature was deemed timely and significant. Hence, a literature review was carried out to comprehensively understand the challenges. Methods An integrative review was conducted by searching electronic databases for the years 2011–2022. The Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MEDLINE databases and Google Scholar were searched. The search terms were barriers, challenges, nursing students and PS education. Results Twenty reviews met the inclusion criteria. Through this review, investigators were able to identify 5 major categories of challenges (educators’ characteristics, administration, programme structure, curriculum, theory–practice gap) and 17 individual challenges of PS education implementation. Conclusion The theory-practice gap, curriculum development, and programme structure are areas that should be targeted by curriculum developers in nursing education. Furthermore, it was revealed that there is a need for further research on topics such as resistance to change and individual innovativeness among nurse educators.

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