DOI: 10.3390/nano14010072 ISSN: 2079-4991

Cf/SiC Ceramic Matrix Composites with Extraordinary Thermomechanical Properties up to 2000 °C

Min-sung Park, Jian Gu, Heesoo Lee, Sea-Hoon Lee, Lun Feng, William G. Fahrenholtz
  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemical Engineering

The thermomechanical properties of carbon fiber reinforced silicon carbide ceramic matrix composites (Cf/SiC CMCs) were studied up to 2000 °C using high-temperature in situ flexural testing in argon. The CMC specimens were fabricated using an ultrahigh concentration (66 vol%) aqueous slurry containing nano-sized silicon carbide powder. The SiC powder compacts were obtained by drying the slurry and were densified using the precursor impregnation and pyrolysis (PIP) method with field assisted sintering technology/spark plasma sintering (FAST/SPS). The high relative density of the SiC green body (77.6%) enabled densification within 2.5 days using four PIP cycles. In contrast, conventional PIP processes take over 7 days. The in situ flexural strength of the Cf/SiC CMC was 434 MPa at 1750 °C, which was 84% higher than the room temperature value. The value further increased to 542 MPa at 2000 °C. Possible mechanisms to explain the excellent strength of the CMC at elevated temperatures are discussed.

More from our Archive