DOI: 10.3390/jcs8010009 ISSN: 2504-477X

Ceramic-on-Metal Bearing in Total Hip Arthroplasty—Was It So Bad? A Narrative Review and a Critical Analysis of the Literature

Michela Saracco, Vincenzo Ciriello, Antonio Spinarelli, Giuseppe Solarino, Remo Goderecci, Giandomenico Logroscino
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Ceramics and Composites

Hip replacement has significantly improved the quality of life of patients with symptomatic hip osteoarthritis. Various bearings have been developed over the years. Each of these has advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, Metal-on-Metal (MoM) has been associated with a high level of wear and metal ion release of chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co). On the other hand, Ceramic-on-Ceramic (CoC) bearings, known to have a wear rate close to zero, have been associated with an increased risk of squeaking and component fracture. Ceramic-on-Metal (CoM), a hybrid hard-on-hard bearing, was proposed to overcome the CoC and MoM limits. Preliminary clinical and radiographical results have been described as favourable. Due to the failure of MoM and the increased risk of ion release and metal toxicity, CoM was withdrawn from the market without causing significant clinical complications. Data from the literature showed that CoM bearings are reliable and safe at medium- and long-term follow-up, if correctly implanted. In this narrative review, we analysed the real risks and benefits associated with the implantation of CoM bearings.

More from our Archive