DOI: 10.1002/chem.202302136 ISSN:

Cation Adaptive Structures Based on Manganese Cyanide Prussian Blue Analogues: Application of Powder Diffraction Data to Solve Complex, Unprecedented Stoichiometries and Structures

Joel S. Miller, Peter W. Stephens
  • General Chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

A Mn(II) salt and A+CN‐ under anaerobic conditions react to form extended structured compounds of AmMnIIn(CN)m+2n stoichiometry, e.g. AMnII3(CN)7, A2MnII3(CN)8, A2MnII5(CN)12, A3MnII5(CN)13, and A2MnII[MnII(CN)6] (A represents alkali and tetraalkylammonium cations). Cs2MnII[MnII(CN)6] has the typical Prussian blue face centered cubic unit cell. However, the other alkali salts are monoclinic or rhombohedral. This is in accord with smaller alkali cation radii creating void space that is minimized by increasing the van der Waals stabilization energy by reducing ∠Mn–N≡C. This is attributed to the non‐rigidity of the framework structure due the significant ionic character associated with the high‐spin MnII sites. For larger tetraalkylammonium cations, the high‐spin Mn sites lack sufficient electrostatic A+•••NC stabilization and only form unexpected 4‐ and 5‐coordinated Mn sites within a flexible, extended framework around the cation; hence, the size, shape, and charge of the cation dictate the unprecedented stoichiometry and unpredictable cation adaptive structures. Antiferromagnetic coupling between adjacent MnII sites leads to ferrimagnetic ordering, but in some cases antiferromagnetic coupling of ferrimagnetic layers are compensated and synthetic antiferromagnets are observed. The magnetic ordering temperatures for ferrimagnetic A2MnII[MnII(CN)6] with both octahedral high‐ and low‐spin MnII sites increase with decreasing ∠Mn–N≡C. The extended structured materials were obtained by powder diffraction.

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