DOI: 10.3390/en17010188 ISSN: 1996-1073

Carbon Emission Forecasting Study Based on Influence Factor Mining and Mini-Batch Stochastic Gradient Optimization

Wei Yang, Qiheng Yuan, Yongli Wang, Fei Zheng, Xin Shi, Yi Li
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Building and Construction

With the increasing prominence of the global carbon emission problem, the accurate prediction of carbon emissions has become an increasingly urgent need. Existing carbon emission prediction methods have the problems of slow calculation speed, inaccurate prediction, and insufficient deep mining of influencing factors when dealing with large-scale data. In this study, a comprehensive carbon emission prediction method is proposed. Firstly, multiple influencing factors including economic factors and demographic factors are considered, and a pathway analysis method is introduced to mine the long-term relationship between these factors and carbon emissions. Then, indirect influence terms are added to the multiple regression equation, and the variable is used to represent the indirect influence relationship. Finally, this study proposes the PCA-PA-MBGD method, which applies the results of principal component analysis to the pathway analysis. By reducing the data dimensions and extracting the main influencing factors, and optimizing the carbon emission prediction model by using a mini-batch stochastic gradient descent algorithm, the results show that this method can process a large amount of data quickly and efficiently, and realize an accurate prediction of carbon emissions. This provides strong support for solving the carbon emission problem and offers new ideas and methods for future related research.

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