Krzysztof Wasiak, Justyna Frasuńska, Beata Tarnacka

Can the Initial Parameters of Functional Scales Predict Recovery in Patients with Complete Spinal Cord Injury? A Retrospective Cohort Study

  • Clinical Biochemistry

Regaining greater independence in performing daily activities constitutes a priority for people with tetraplegia following spinal cord injury (SCI). The highest expectations are connected with the improvement of hand function. Therefore, it is so important for the clinician to identify reliable and commonly applicable prognostic factors for functional improvement. The aim of this study was to conduct an analysis to assess the impact of initial functional factors on the clinical improvement in patients during early neurological rehabilitation (ENR). This study assessed 38 patients with complete SCI aged 17–78 who underwent ENR in 2012–2022. The analysis included the motor score from the AIS (MS), the Barthel Index (BI) and the SCIM scale values at the beginning of the ENR program and after its completion. During ENR, patients achieved a statistically significant improvement in MS, BI and SCIM. The initial MS and the level of neurological injury constituted the predictors of functional improvement during ENR. Significant statistical relationships were observed primarily in the correlations between the initial MS and BI, and the increase in the analyzed functional scales of SCI patients. Higher initial MS may increase the chances of a greater and faster functional improvement during ENR.

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