DOI: 10.1111/cas.16053 ISSN: 1347-9032

Can low‐dose intravenous bevacizumab be as effective as high‐dose bevacizumab for cerebral radiation necrosis?

Miaomiao Gao, Xin Wang, Xiaofeng Wang, Gengmin Niu, Xiaoye Liu, Shuzhou Zhao, Yue Wang, Huiwen Yu, Siyuan Huo, Hui Su, Yongchun Song, Xiaoguang Wang, Hong‐Qing Zhuang, Zhi‐Yong Yuan
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • General Medicine


Although intravenous bevacizumab (IVBEV) is the most promising treatment for cerebral radiation necrosis (CRN), there is no conclusion on the optimal dosage. Our retrospective study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of high‐dose with low‐dose IVBEV in treating CRN associated with radiotherapy for brain metastases (BMs). This paper describes 75 patients who were diagnosed with CRN secondary to radiotherapy for BMs, treated with low‐dose or high‐dose IVBEV and followed up for a minimum of 6 months. The clinical data collected for this study include changes in brain MRI, clinical symptoms, and corticosteroid usage before, during, and after IVBEV treatment. At the 3‐month mark following administration of IVBEV, a comparison of two groups revealed that the median percentage decreases in CRN volume on T2‐weighted fluid‐attenuated inversion recovery and T1‐weighted gadolinium contrast‐enhanced image (T1CE), as well as the signal ratio reduction on T1CE, were 65.8% versus 64.8% (p = 0.860), 41.2% versus 51.9% (p = 0.396), and 37.4% versus 35.1% (p = 0.271), respectively. Similarly, at 6 months post‐IVBEV, the median percentage reductions of the aforementioned parameters were 59.5% versus 62.0% (p = 0.757), 39.1% versus 31.3% (p = 0.851), and 35.4% versus 28.2% (p = 0.083), respectively. Notably, the incidence of grade ≥3 adverse events was higher in the high‐dose group (n = 4, 9.8%) than in the low‐dose group (n = 0). Among patients with CRN secondary to radiotherapy for BMs, the administration of high‐dose IVBEV did not demonstrate superiority over low‐dose IVBEV. Moreover, the use of high‐dose IVBEV was associated with a higher incidence of grade ≥3 adverse events compared with low‐dose IVBEV.

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