DOI: 10.3390/cancers15235669 ISSN: 2072-6694

A Retrospective Chart Review of Treatment Patterns and Overall Survival among a Cohort of Patients with Relapsed/Refractory Mycosis Fungoides in France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom

Chalid Assaf, Timothy M. Illidge, Nathalie Waser, Mary He, Tina Li, Athanasios Zomas, Nawal Bent-Ennakhil, Meredith Little, Pablo L. Ortiz-Romero, Nicola Pimpinelli, Mehul Dalal, Martine Bagot
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

(1) Background: Most patients with mycosis fungoides (MF), a form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), develop relapsed/refractory (R/R) disease following front-line systemic therapy. This report describes treatment patterns and outcomes from the subpopulation with R/R MF. (2) Methods: This observational, retrospective, cohort study analyzed patient records (1984–2016) from 27 clinical sites in Europe. Outcomes included treatments received, response to first-, second- and third-line treatment, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). (3) Results: Of 104 patients with MF, 100 received second-line and 61 received third-line therapy. The median (range) times from the start of first-line therapy to the first R/R MF and from the first to the second R/R MF were 11.2 (0.3–166.5) and 13.5 (0.0–174.6) months, respectively. Second-and third-line treatment options varied and comprised systemic therapies (85% and 79% of patients, respectively), radiotherapy (32% and 34%, respectively) and topical therapies (48% and 36%, respectively). The median (95% confidence interval [CI]) OS from the diagnosis of the first R/R MF was 11.5 (6.5–not reached [NR]) years and was higher with non-chemotherapy (NR) versus chemotherapy (6.5 years); the estimated median PFS (95% CI) from the time of the first R/R MF was 1.3 (1.0–2.1) years. (4) Conclusions: High rates of R/R disease were observed after second- and third-line treatments in this real-world cohort, with longer median OS in patients receiving non-chemotherapy treatment versus chemotherapy. Following the standard management of MF and using recently approved targeted therapies can help improve patient outcomes in advanced-stage MF.

More from our Archive