Maged Alkanad, Umme Hani, Annegowda H V, Mohammed Ghazwani, Nazima Haider, Riyaz Ali M. Osmani, Pandareesh M D, Hamsalakshmi, Rajeev Bhat

Bitter yet beneficial: The dual role of dietary alkaloids in managing diabetes and enhancing cognitive function

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • General Medicine
  • Biochemistry

AbstractWith the rising prevalence of diabetes and its association with cognitive impairment, interest in the use of dietary alkaloids and other natural products has grown significantly. Understanding how these compounds manage diabetic cognitive dysfunction (DCD) is crucial. This comprehensive review explores the etiology of DCD and the effects of alkaloids in foods and dietary supplements that have been investigated as DCD therapies. Data on how dietary alkaloids like berberine, trigonelline, caffeine, capsaicin, 1‐deoxynojirimycin, nuciferine, neferine, aegeline, tetramethylpyrazine, piperine, and others regulate cognition in diabetic disorders were collected from PubMed, Research Gate, Web of Science, Science Direct, and other relevant databases. Dietary alkaloids could improve memory in behavioral models and modulate the mechanisms underlying the cognitive benefits of these compounds, including their effects on glucose metabolism, gut microbiota, vasculopathy, neuroinflammation, and oxidative stress. Evidence suggests that dietary alkaloids hold promise for improving cognition in diabetic patients and could open exciting avenues for future research in diabetes management.

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