DOI: 10.1002/smll.202307309 ISSN: 1613-6810

Bioconjugation and Reaction‐Induced Tumor Therapy via Alkynamide‐Based Thiol‐Yne Click Reaction

Bingnan Wang, Chunyang Li, Dong He, Keke Ding, Qi Tian, Guangxue Feng, Anjun Qin, Ben Zhong Tang
  • Biomaterials
  • Biotechnology
  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemistry


Ferroptosis is associated with the occurrence and development of many diseases, which is the result of an imbalance in cellular metabolism and oxidation−reduction balance. Therefore, it is an effective therapeutic strategy that simultaneously regulating the intracellular oxidation−reduction system. Herein, a click reaction of alkynylamide with thiol groups in the presence of amine or in PBS (pH = 7.4) is developed, which can react efficiently with thiol substances, such as cysteine (Cys), glutathione (GSH), and bovine serum albumin (BSA). Notably, MBTB‐PA, an aggregation‐induced emission (AIE) photosensitizer with an alkynylamide unit, is synthesized and its intracellular behavior is visualized in situ by fluorescence imaging, demonstrating its excellent ability to target the endoplasmic reticulum. Furthermore, MBTB‐PA reacted with proteins in tumor cells, consumed reducing substances, and triggered intracellular oxidative stress, resulting in cell death. Based on this reaction therapy strategy, click reaction is combined with photodynamic therapy to achieve effective killing of tumor cells by simultaneously raising the intracellular oxidative state and reducing the reductive state. This work not only develops an application of click reaction of alkynamide with thiol in bioconjugation and anti‐tumor therapy, but also provides feasible ideas for organic reactions in the exploration of organisms.

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