Saumen Acharjee, Arindam Boruah, Reeta Devi, Nimisha Dutta

Ballistic transport and spin-dependent anomalous quantum tunneling in Rashba–Zeeman and bilayer graphene hybrid structures

  • General Physics and Astronomy

In this work, we have studied the spin-dependent ballistic transport and anomalous quantum tunneling in bilayer graphene horizontally placed in between two Rashba–Zeeman (RZ) leads under external electric biasing. We investigated the transmission and conductance for the proposed system using scattering matrix formalism and the Landauer–Büttiker formula considering a double delta-like barrier under a set of experimentally viable parameters. We found that the transmission characteristics are notably different for up- and down-spin incoming electrons depending upon the strength of magnetization. Moreover, the transmission of up- and down-spin electrons is found to be magnetization orientation dependent. The maximum tunneling conductance can be achieved by tuning biasing energy and magnetization strength and choosing a material with suitable Rashba spin–orbit coupling (RSOC). This astonishing property of our system can be utilized in fabricating devices, such as spin filters. We found that the Fano factor of our system is 0.4 under strong magnetization conditions, while it reduces to 0.3 under low magnetization conditions. Moreover, we also noticed that the transmission and conductance significantly depend on the Rashba–Zeeman effect. Therefore, considering a suitable RZ material, the tunneling of the electrons can be tuned and controlled. Our result suggests that considering suitable strength and orientation of magnetization with moderate RSOC, one can obtain a different transmission probability for spin species under suitable biasing energy. These results indicate the suitability of the proposed system in fabrication of spintronic devices, such as spin filter, spin transistor, etc.

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