Cláudio Resende, Luiz Fernando Martha, Afonso Lemonge, Patricia Hallak, José Carvalho, Júlia Motta

Automatic Column Grouping of 3D Steel Frames via Multi-Objective Structural Optimization

  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture

Formulations of structural optimization problems are proposed in this paper to automatically find the best grouping of columns in 3D steel buildings. In these formulations, the conflicting objective functions, minimized simultaneously, are the weight of the structure and the number of different groups of columns. In other words, the smaller the number of different groups of columns, the greater the weight of the structure, and the greater the number of groups, the smaller the structure’s weight. The design variables are the bracing system configuration, column cross-section orientation, and assigned W-shaped profile indices for columns, beams, and braces. The design constraints are the allowable displacements, strength, and geometric considerations. After solving the multi-objective optimization problem, the result is a Pareto front, presenting non-dominated solutions. Three evolutionary algorithms based on differential evolution are adopted in this paper to solve three computational experiments. Even if preliminary groupings of columns are adopted, considering architectural aspects such as the symmetry of the structure, it is possible to discover other interesting structural configurations that will be available to the decision maker, who will be able to make their choices based on the impacts on manufacturing, cutting, transporting, checking and welding.

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