DOI: 10.3390/cancers16010181 ISSN: 2072-6694

Automated Laryngeal Cancer Detection and Classification Using Dwarf Mongoose Optimization Algorithm with Deep Learning

Nuzaiha Mohamed, Reem Lafi Almutairi, Sayda Abdelrahim, Randa Alharbi, Fahad Mohammed Alhomayani, Bushra M. Elamin Elnaim, Azhari A. Elhag, Rajendra Dhakal
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Laryngeal cancer (LCA) is a serious disease with a concerning global rise in incidence. Accurate treatment for LCA is particularly challenging in later stages, due to its complex nature as a head and neck malignancy. To address this challenge, researchers have been actively developing various analysis methods and tools to assist medical professionals in efficient LCA identification. However, existing tools and methods often suffer from various limitations, including low accuracy in early-stage LCA detection, high computational complexity, and lengthy patient screening times. With this motivation, this study presents an Automated Laryngeal Cancer Detection and Classification using a Dwarf Mongoose Optimization Algorithm with Deep Learning (ALCAD-DMODL) technique. The main objective of the ALCAD-DMODL method is to recognize the existence of LCA using the DL model. In the presented ALCAD-DMODL technique, a median filtering (MF)-based noise removal process takes place to get rid of the noise. Additionally, the ALCAD-DMODL technique involves the EfficientNet-B0 model for deriving feature vectors from the pre-processed images. For optimal hyperparameter tuning of the EfficientNet-B0 model, the DMO algorithm can be applied to select the parameters. Finally, the multi-head bidirectional gated recurrent unit (MBGRU) model is applied for the recognition and classification of LCA. The simulation result analysis of the ALCAD-DMODL technique is carried out on the throat region image dataset. The comparison study stated the supremacy of the ALCAD-DMODL technique in terms of distinct measures.

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