Yanmeng Bi, Jun Yang, Caiying Wei, Fangli Dou, Weiwei Xu, Dawei An, Yinghong Luan, Jianfeng Feng, Lichang Zhang

Atmospheric Temperature Measurements Using Microwave Hyper-Spectrum from Geostationary Satellite: Band Design, Weighting Functions and Information Content

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

A passive microwave instrument will be carried by China’s geostationary microwave satellite. A microwave hyper-spectral band included by the instrument ranges from 52.6 to 57.3 GHz, and totally has 89 channels in this spectral domain. The design of the hyper-spectral band is described from the aspects of scientific objectives and specifications. The weighting functions for each channel are calculated utilizing radiative transfer simulations under clear sky conditions. Then, the information content as well as the degree of freedom for signal are computed and analyzed to characterize this hyper-spectral sounding for atmospheric temperature profiling. Both the vertical distribution of the weighting functions and the width of retrieval averaging kernels indicate that the hyper-spectral band can provide more denser sampling for atmospheric temperature. The information content for the hyper-spectral band is approximately 46% higher than that of the ATMS-type channel 3 to 15, indicating that hyper-spectral measurement can improve the accuracy of retrieval. The most informative channels mainly locate near 57 GHz, having good consistency with the existing channels. The height range where the retrieval using the hyper-spectral observations is sensitive to the true profile, begins from about 800 to 1 hPa. Some channels can be considered as alternatives to each other since they have very similar information content and weighting functions. These results are expected to provide a valuable reference for future applications of the microwave hyper-spectral measurements.

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