DOI: 10.1097/icb.0000000000001549 ISSN: 1935-1089

Asymptomatic retinal dysfunction in a patient with alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase deficiency

Dimitrios Kalogeropoulos, Lilia Lagha, Andrew J Lotery
  • Ophthalmology
  • General Medicine


To present a case of a young female patient with asymptomatic retinal dysfunction associated with alpha-methylacyl-CoA (AMACR) racemase deficiency


Retrospective analysis of the medical notes of a single patient. Detailed slit-lamp examination was completed by Optos colour fundus photography and enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). Genetic testing was conducted to establish the diagnosis, and the patient was also referred to the Department of Neurology for further assessment.


Dilated fundoscopy and ophthalmic imaging revealed bilateral retinal pigment epithelium abnormalities that could be associated with a genetic retinal disorder. Indeed, genetic testing showed that this lady was homozygous for AMACR (OMIM 604489; Gene ID 23600) variant NM 014324.6: c.154T>C; p.(Ser52Pro). She had no detectable neurological deficit.


AMACR deficiency is a rare genetic condition that can potentially contribute to retinal dystrophy through various mechanisms. Additionally, it may lead to a wide spectrum of systemic signs and symptoms. Interestingly, in contrast to other reported studies, our patient was completely asymptomatic, with no evidence of systemic disorders.

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