DOI: 10.1002/glia.24448 ISSN:

Astrocytic FoxO1 in the hypothalamus regulates metabolic homeostasis by coordinating neuropeptide Y neuron activity

Khanh Van Doan, Le Trung Tran, Dong Joo Yang, Thu Thi Anh Ha, Thi Dang Mai, Seul Ki Kim, Ronald A. DePinho, Dong‐Min Shin, Yun‐Hee Choi, Ki Woo Kim
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Neurology


The forkhead box transcription factor O1 (FoxO1) is expressed ubiquitously throughout the central nervous system, including in astrocytes, the most prevalent glial cell type in the brain. While the role of FoxO1 in hypothalamic neurons in controlling food intake and energy balance is well‐established, the contribution of astrocytic FoxO1 in regulating energy homeostasis has not yet been determined. In the current study, we demonstrate the essential role of hypothalamic astrocytic FoxO1 in maintaining normal neuronal activity in the hypothalamus and whole‐body glucose metabolism. Inhibition of FoxO1 function in hypothalamic astrocytes shifts the cellular metabolism from glycolysis to oxidative phosphorylation, enhancing astrocyte ATP production and release meanwhile decreasing astrocytic export of lactate. As a result, specific deletion of astrocytic FoxO1, particularly in the hypothalamus, causes a hyperactivation of hypothalamic neuropeptide Y neurons, which leads to an increase in acute feeding and impaired glucose regulation and ultimately results in diet‐induced obesity and systemic glucose dyshomeostasis.

More from our Archive