Ziman Chen, Yingli Wang, Michael Tin Cheung Ying, Zhongzhen Su, Xinyang Han, Simon Takadiyi Gunda

Association of renal elasticity evaluated by real-time shear wave elastography with renal fibrosis in patients with chronic kidney disease

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • General Medicine

Abstract Objective Renal fibrosis is a final common pathological hallmark in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Non-invasive evaluation of renal fibrosis by mapping renal stiffness obtained by shear wave elastography (SWE) may facilitate the clinical therapeutic regimen for CKD patients. Methods A cohort of 162 patients diagnosed with CKD, who underwent renal biopsy, was prospectively and consecutively recruited between April 2019 and December 2021. The assessment of renal cortex stiffness was performed using SWE imaging. The patients were classified into different groups based on pathological renal fibrosis (mild group: n = 74; moderate-to-severe group: n = 88). Binary logistic regression model and generalized additive model were conducted to investigate the association of renal elasticity with renal fibrosis. Results Compared with the mildly impaired group, the moderate-to-severe group showed a significant decline in renal elasticity (P < .001). In the fully adjusted model, each 10 kPa drop in renal elasticity was associated with a 3.5-fold increment in the risk of moderate-to-severe renal fibrosis (fully adjusted odds ratio, 4.54; 95% CI, 2.41-8.57). Particularly, participants in the lowest elasticity group (≤29.92 kPa) had a 20-fold increased chance of moderate-to-severe renal fibrosis than those in the group with highest elasticity (≥37.93 kPa). An inverse linear association was observed between renal elasticity increment and moderate-to-severe renal fibrosis risk. Conclusion There is a negative linear association between increased renal elasticity and moderate-to-severe renal fibrosis risk among CKD patients. Patients with diminished renal stiffness have a higher risk of moderate-to-severe renal fibrosis. Advances in knowledge CKD patients with reduced renal stiffness have a higher likelihood of moderate-to-severe renal fibrosis.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive