Zhilong Yu, Yanqiao Lei, Feng Shen, Shuai Zhou

Application of Improved YOLOv5 Algorithm in Lightweight Transmission Line Small Target Defect Detection

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Signal Processing
  • Control and Systems Engineering

With the development of UAV automatic cruising along power transmission lines, intelligent defect detection in aerial images has become increasingly important. In the process of target detection for aerial photography of transmission lines, insulator defects often pose challenges due to complex backgrounds, resulting in noisy images and issues such as slow detection speed, leakage, and the misidentification of small-sized targets. To address these challenges, this paper proposes an insulator defect detection algorithm called DFCG_YOLOv5, which focuses on improving both the accuracy and speed by enhancing the network structure and optimizing the loss function. Firstly, the input part is optimized, and a High-Speed Adaptive Median Filtering (HSMF) algorithm is introduced to preprocess the images captured by the UAV system, effectively reducing the noise interference in target detection. Secondly, the original Ghost backbone structure is further optimized, and the DFC attention mechanism is incorporated to strike a balance between the target detection accuracy and speed. Additionally, the original CIOU loss function is replaced with the Poly Loss, which addresses the issue of imbalanced positive and negative samples for small targets. By adjusting the parameters for different datasets, this modification effectively suppresses background positive samples and enhances the detection accuracy. To align with real-world engineering applications, the dataset utilized in this study consists of unmanned aircraft system machine patrol images from the Yunnan Power Supply Bureau Company. The experimental results demonstrate a 9.2% improvement in the algorithm accuracy and a 26.2% increase in the inference speed compared to YOLOv5s. These findings hold significant implications for the practical implementation of target detection in engineering scenarios.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive