Tatiana Vasilieva, Elena Nikolskaya, Michael Vasiliev, Mariia Mollaeva, Margarita Chirkina, Maria Sokol, Nikita Yabbarov, Tatiana Shikova, Artem Abramov, Aleksandr Ugryumov

Applicability of Electron-Beam and Hybrid Plasmas for Polyethylene Terephthalate Processing to Obtain Hydrophilic and Biocompatible Surfaces

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • General Chemistry

The applicability of beam-plasma chemical reactors generating cold hybrid plasma for the production of noncytotoxic polymeric surfaces with high hydrophilicity and good biocompatibility with human fibroblast culture and human red blood cells was studied. Oxygen hybrid plasma was excited by the joint action of a continuous scanning electron beam and a capacity-coupled RF-gas discharge. Experiments showed that hybrid plasma treatment caused polar oxygen-containing functional group formation in the surface layer of poly (ethylene terephthalate) films. No thermal or radiative damage in tested polymer samples was found. The plasma-modified polymers turned out to be noncytotoxic and revealed good biocompatibility with human fibroblasts BJ-5ta as well as lower hemolytic activity than untreated poly (ethylene terephthalate). Experiments also demonstrated that no phenomena caused by the electrostatic charging of polymers occur in hybrid plasma because the electron beam component of hybrid plasma eliminates the item charge when it is treated. The electron beam can effectively control the reaction volume geometry as well as the fluxes of active plasma particles falling on the item surface. This provides new approaches to the production of abruptly structured patterns or smooth gradients of functionalities on a plane and 3D polymeric items of complicated geometry.

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