DOI: 10.1111/cas.16046 ISSN: 1347-9032

Antipodoplanin antibody enhances the antitumor effects of CTLA‐4 blockade against malignant mesothelioma by natural killer cells

Hiroto Yoneda, Atsushi Mitsuhashi, Aito Yoshida, Hirokazu Ogino, Satoshi Itakura, Na Thi Nguyen, Hiroshi Nokihara, Seidai Sato, Tsutomu Shinohara, Masaki Hanibuchi, Shinji Abe, Mika K. Kaneko, Yukinari Kato, Yasuhiko Nishioka
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • General Medicine


Combination immunotherapy with multiple immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has been approved for various types of malignancies, including malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Podoplanin (PDPN), a transmembrane sialomucin‐like glycoprotein, has been investigated as a diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for MPM. We previously generated and developed a PDPN‐targeting Ab reagent with high Ab‐dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement‐dependent cytotoxicity (CDC). However, the effects of anti‐PDPN Abs on various tumor‐infiltrating immune cells and their synergistic effects with ICIs have remained unclear. In the present study, we established a novel rat–mouse chimeric anti‐mouse PDPN IgG2a mAb (PMab‐1‐mG2a) and its core‐fucose‐deficient Ab (PMab‐1‐mG2a‐f) to address these limitations. We identified the ADCC and CDC activity of PMab‐1‐mG2a‐f against the PDPN‐expressing mesothelioma cell line AB1‐HA. The antitumor effect of monotherapy with PMab‐1‐mG2a‐f was not sufficient to overcome tumor progression in AB1‐HA‐bearing immunocompetent mice. However, PMab‐1‐mG2a‐f enhanced the antitumor effects of CTLA‐4 blockade. Combination therapy with anti‐PDPN Ab and anti‐CTLA‐4 Ab increased tumor‐infiltrating natural killer (NK) cells. The depletion of NK cells inhibited the synergistic effects of PMab‐1‐mG2a‐f and CTLA‐4 blockade in vivo. These findings indicated the essential role of NK cells in novel combination immunotherapy targeting PDPN and shed light on the therapeutic strategy in advanced MPM.

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