DOI: 10.3390/coatings14010041 ISSN: 2079-6412

Antibacterial and Photocatalytic Properties of ZnO Nanostructure Decorated Coatings

Souad Abou Zeid, Anne Perez, Stéphane Bastide, Marie Le Pivert, Stéphanie Rossano, Hynd Remita, Nicolas Hautière, Yamin Leprince-Wang
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Given the growing concern over antibiotic resistance, there is an urgent need to explore alternative antibacterial strategies. Metal oxide nanostructures have emerged as a promising option, and in particular, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures have demonstrated strong antifungal and antibacterial properties. This study focuses on ZnO nanowires (ZnO NWs) and their potential as antibacterial agents against Pseudomonas putida, a Gram-negative bacterium. The objective is to investigate the antibacterial mechanisms and assess their efficiency. The unique shape of ZnO NWs, obtained through hydrothermal growth, may rupture bacterial cells and inhibit bacterial growth. In addition to their morphology, the release of Zn2+ ions from ZnO NWs may contribute to their antibacterial properties. These ions have the potential to disrupt the bacterial cell membrane, further impeding bacterial growth. Moreover, ZnO nanostructures exhibit excellent photocatalytic properties under UV light, enhancing their antibacterial effects. Overall, this study highlights the potential of hydrothermally synthesized ZnO NWs in inhibiting P. putida growth and provides valuable insights into their antibacterial mechanisms. The findings suggest that ZnO nanostructures have the potential to be effective antibacterial agents and could be utilized in various settings to fight microbial infections and maintain hygiene.

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