DOI: 10.3390/f15010082 ISSN: 1999-4907

Analysis of Spatial and Temporal Changes in Vegetation Cover and Driving Forces in the Wuding River Basin, Loess Plateau

Hao Zhang, Zhilin He, Junkui Xu, Weichen Mu, Yanglong Chen, Guangxia Wang
  • Forestry

Vegetation cover in the Loess Plateau region is an important component of ecological protection in the Yellow River Basin, and this study provides a scientific reference for further vegetation restoration. Based on Landsat images and related data, we utilized the dimidiate pixel model and Geodetector method to study the vegetation cover in the Wuding River Basin from 2000 to 2022. The results indicated the spatial and temporal distribution of the vegetation cover and its changes over the study period. Additionally, the driving factors influencing its spatial changes were also uncovered. We also propose a land use shift vegetation cover contribution formula to quantify the effect of land type change on the FVC. The study showed that (1) the overall vegetation cover of the watershed increased significantly, and the FVC showed an increasing trend from 2000 to 2013 and a slow decline from 2013 to 2022, with the gradual transformation of low-graded FVC into a higher graded one. (2) The FVC increased spatially from northwest to southeast, and the trend of future changes is mainly decreasing. (3) The strongest explanatory power for the FVC change is the land use type and its interactive combination with rainfall. (4) The conversion of grassland to cropland contributes the most to the vegetation cover at 1.52%, and the increase in the cropland area is more conducive to the increase in the vegetation cover.

More from our Archive