DOI: 10.3390/ma17010176 ISSN: 1996-1944

Analysis of Critical Current Dependence on Specimen Length and Crack Size Distribution in Cracked Superconductor

Shojiro Ochiai, Hiroshi Okuda
  • General Materials Science

In order to describe the dependence of critical current on specimen length and crack size distribution in the superconducting tape with cracks of different sizes, a Monte Carlo simulation and a model analysis were carried out, employing the model specimens of various lengths constituted of multiple short sections with a crack per each. The model analysis was carried out to evaluate the effects of the two factors on the critical current of a specimen. Factor 1 is the size of the largest crack in a specimen, and Factor 2 is the difference in crack size among all sections at the critical voltage of critical current. Factors 1 and 2 were monitored by the smallest ligament parameter among all sections constituting the specimen and by the number of sections equivalent to the section containing the largest crack at the critical voltage of the critical current of the specimen, respectively. The research using the monitoring method revealed quantitatively that the critical current-reducing effect with increasing specimen length is caused by the increase in the size of the largest crack (Factor 1), and also, the critical current-raising effect is caused by the increase in the difference of crack size (Factor 2). As the effect of Factor 1 is larger than that of Factor 2, the critical current decreases with increasing specimen length. With the present approach, the critical current reducing and raising effects under various crack size distributions were evaluated quantitatively as a function of specimen length, and the specimen length-dependence of critical current obtained by the Monte Carlo simulation was described well.

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