Jiangbo Wu, Aiming Ge, Shuo Liu, Qiuyang Wang, Dongsheng Zhu, Xindi Chen

An Optimized Inversion Method for Hyperspectral Image Fusion Based on a Hue–Intensity–Saturation, Wavelet, and Trust-Region Conjugate Gradient Method

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Signal Processing
  • Control and Systems Engineering

In hyperspectral remote sensing, achieving high spatial resolution holds paramount importance for an array of applications, such as environmental monitoring, geographic mapping, and precision agriculture. Nevertheless, conventional hyperspectral images frequently grapple with the issue of restricted spatial resolution. We apply optimized inversion methods to hyperspectral image fusion and present an innovative approach for hyperspectral image fusion which combines the Hue–Intensity–Saturation (HIS) transform, the wavelet transform, and the Trust-Region Conjugate Gradient technique. This amalgamation not only refines spatial precision but also augments spectral faithfulness, which is a pivotal aspect for applications like precise object detection and classification. In the context of our investigation, we conducted a thorough validation of our proposed HIS, Wavelet, and Trust-Region Conjugate Gradient (TRCG-HW) method for image fusion using a comprehensive suite of evaluation metrics. These metrics encompassed the Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR), Structural Similarity Index (SSIM), Correlation Coefficient (CC), Spectral Angle Mapper (SAM), and Error Relative Global Accuracy Score (ERGAS). The findings incontrovertibly establish TRCG-HW as the preeminent method among those considered. Our study effectively tackles the pressing predicament of low spatial resolution encountered in hyperspectral imaging. This innovative paradigm harbors the potential to revolutionize high-resolution hyperspectral data acquisition, propelling the field of hyperspectral remote sensing forward and efficiently catering to crucial application.

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