DOI: 10.1785/0220230216 ISSN: 0895-0695

An Open-Access Data Set of Active-Source and Passive-Wavefield DAS and Nodal Seismometer Measurements at the Newberry Florida Site

Aser Abbas, Brady R. Cox, Khiem T. Tran, Isabella Corey, Nishkarsha Dawadi
  • Geophysics


This article documents a comprehensive subsurface imaging experiment using seismic waves in a well-studied outdoor laboratory at Newberry, Florida, which is known for significant spatial variability, karstic voids, and underground anomalies. The experiment used approximately two kilometers of distributed acoustic sensing (DAS) fiber-optic cable, forming a dense 2D array of 1920 horizontal-component channels, and a 2D array of 144 SmartSolo three-component nodal seismometers, to sense active-source and passive-wavefield seismic waves. The active-source data were generated using a powerful, triaxial vibroseis shaker truck (T-Rex) and impact sources (accelerated weight drop and an eight-pound sledgehammer) that were simultaneously recorded by both the DAS and nodal seismometers. The vibroseis truck was used to excite the ground in three directions (two horizontal and one vertical) at 260 locations inside and outside the instrumented array, whereas the impact sources were used at 268 locations within the instrumented array. The passive-wavefield data recorded using the nodal seismometers comprised 48 hr of ambient noise collected over a period of four days in four 12-hour time blocks, whereas the passive wavefield data collected using DAS consisted of four hours of ambient noise recordings. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the testing site, experiment layout, the DAS and nodal seismometer acquisition parameters, and implemented raw data processing steps. Although potential use cases, such as surface-wave testing, full-waveform inversion, and ambient noise tomography, are discussed relative to example data, the focus of this article is on documenting this unique data set and presenting its initial data quality rather than on generating subsurface imaging results. The raw and processed data, along with detailed documentation of the experiment and Python tools to aid in visualizing the DAS data set, have been made publicly available.

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