DOI: 10.1287/trsc.2022.0138 ISSN:

An Exact Approach for Solving Pickup-and-Delivery Traveling Salesman Problems with Neighborhoods

Cai Gao, Ningji Wei, Jose L. Walteros
  • Transportation
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

This paper studies a variant of the traveling salesman problem, called the pickup-and-delivery traveling salesman problem with neighborhoods, that combines traditional pickup and delivery requirements with the flexibility of visiting the customers at locations within compact neighborhoods of arbitrary shape. We derive two optimality conditions for the problem, a local condition that verifies whether a given tour is locally optimal at the visiting points and a global condition that can be used to cut off suboptimal regions of the neighborhoods. We model the problem as a mixed-integer nonlinear program and propose a generalized Benders decomposition to solve instances of the problem with convex and nonconvex neighborhoods. Finally, we conduct extensive computational experiments to demonstrate the efficacy of our solution framework.

Supplemental Material: The e-companion is available at .

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