DOI: 10.1002/smll.202307635 ISSN: 1613-6810

An Azulene‐Based Crystalline Porous Covalent Organic Framework for Efficient Photothermal Conversion

Peng‐Ju Tian, Xiang‐Hao Han, Qiao‐Yan Qi, Xin Zhao
  • Biomaterials
  • Biotechnology
  • General Materials Science
  • General Chemistry


The designed synthesis of a crystalline azulene‐based covalent organic framework (COF‐Azu‐TP) is presented and its photothermal property is investigated. Azulene, a distinctive 5–7 fused ring non‐benzenoid aromatic compound with a large intramolecular dipole moment and unique photophysical characteristics, is introduced as the key feature in COF‐Azu‐TP. The incorporation of azulene moiety imparts COF‐Azu‐TP with broad‐spectrum light absorption capability and interlayer dipole interactions, which makes COF‐Azu‐TP a highly efficient photothermal conversion material. Its polyurethane (PU) composite exhibits a solar‐to‐vapor conversion efficiency (97.2%) and displays a water evaporation rate (1.43 kg m−2 h−1) under one sun irradiation, even at a very low dosage of COF‐Azu‐TP (2.2 wt%). Furthermore, COF‐Azu‐TP is utilized as a filler in a polylactic acid (PLA)/polycaprolactone (PCL) composited shape memory material, enabling rapid shape recovery under laser stimulation. A comparison study with a naphthalene‐based COF isomer further emphasizes the crucial role of azulene in enhancing photothermal conversion efficiency. This study demonstrates the significance of incorporating specific building blocks into COFs for the development of functional porous materials with enhanced properties, paving the way for future applications in diverse fields.

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