DOI: 10.1200/jco.23.00866 ISSN:

Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Improves Outcome in Myelodysplastic Syndrome Across High-Risk Genetic Subgroups: Genetic Analysis of the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network 1102 Study

Jurjen Versluis, Wael Saber, Harrison K. Tsai, Christopher J. Gibson, Laura W. Dillon, Asmita Mishra, Joseph McGuirk, Richard T. Maziarz, Peter Westervelt, Pranay Hegde, Devdeep Mukherjee, Michael J. Martens, Brent Logan, Mary Horowitz, Christopher S. Hourigan, Ryotaro Nakamura, Corey Cutler, R. Coleman Lindsley,
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) improves overall survival (OS). We evaluated the impact of MDS genetics on the benefit of HCT in a biological assignment (donor v no donor) study.


We performed targeted sequencing in 309 patients age 50-75 years with International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) intermediate-2 or high-risk MDS, enrolled in the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network 1102 study and assessed the association of gene mutations with OS. Patients with TP53 mutations were classified as TP53multihit if two alleles were altered (via point mutation, deletion, or copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity).


The distribution of gene mutations was similar in the donor and no donor arms, with TP53 (28% v 29%; P = .89), ASXL1 (23% v 29%; P = .37), and SRSF2 (16% v 16%; P = .99) being most common. OS in patients with a TP53 mutation was worse compared with patients without TP53 mutation (21% ± 5% [SE] v 52% ± 4% at 3 years; P < .001). Among those with a TP53 mutation, OS was similar between TP53single versus TP53multihit (22% ± 8% v 20% ± 6% at 3 years; P = .31). Considering HCT as a time-dependent covariate, patients with a TP53 mutation who underwent HCT had improved OS compared with non-HCT treatment (OS at 3 years: 23% ± 7% v 11% ± 7%; P = .04), associated with a hazard ratio of 3.89; 95% CI, 1.87 to 8.12; P < .001 after adjustment for covariates. OS among patients with molecular IPSS (IPSS-M) very high risk without a TP53 mutation was significantly improved if they had a donor (68% ± 10% v 0% ± 12% at 3 years; P = .001).


HCT improved OS compared with non-HCT treatment in patients with TP53 mutations irrespective of TP53 allelic status. Patients with IPSS-M very high risk without a TP53 mutation had favorable outcomes when a donor was available.

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