DOI: 10.3390/nu16010037 ISSN: 2072-6643

All That Glitters Is Not Gold: Assessment of Bee Pollen Supplementation Effects on Gastric Mucosa

Paweł Oszczędłowski, Kamil Górecki, Aleksandra Greluk, Milena Krawczyk, Katarzyna Pacyna, Jan Andrzej Kędzierawski, Artur Kacper Ziółko, Karol Chromiak, Mirosław A. Sławiński, Przemysław Raczkiewicz, Patrycja Chylińska-Wrzos, Barbara Jodłowska-Jędrych, Agnieszka Pedrycz-Wieczorska
  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

The aim of this study was to assess the influence of bee pollen supplementation on the levels of enzymes important for gastric mucosal homeostasis, namely cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and a biomarker—asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA)—in the gastric mucosa of Wistar rats. The experimental phase divided the rats into four groups: two control groups, sedentary and active, both not supplemented, and two experimental groups, sedentary and active, supplemented with bee pollen. The results indicated that bee pollen supplementation reduced the levels of COX-1 and elevated iNOS levels, while showing no significant impact on COX-2 levels. These findings do not conclusively support the gastroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of bee pollen on gastric mucosa. However, the supplementation could have resulted in reduced ADMA levels in the physically active supplemented group. Our study does not unequivocally demonstrate the positive effects of bee pollen supplementation on the gastric mucosa, which may be attributed to the specific metabolism and bioavailability of substances within unprocessed, dried bee pollen. Further research should explore the topic of potential therapeutic applications of bee pollen in gastrointestinal health and its interactions with ADMA signaling pathways.

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