Andrej Barta, Martina Cebova, Andrej Kovac, Martina Koneracka, Vlasta Zavisova, Olga Pechanova

Aliskiren-Loaded Nanoparticles Downregulate (Pro)renin Receptor and ACE Gene Expression in the Heart of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats: Effect on NADPH Oxidase

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Spectroscopy
  • Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine
  • Catalysis

We aimed to determine effects of aliskiren, a direct renin inhibitor, loaded onto polymeric nanoparticles on the (pro)renin receptor (Atp6ap2), angiotensin II type 1 receptor (Agtr1), and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene expression in the heart of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Twelve-week-old male SHRs were divided into an untreated group and groups treated with powdered aliskiren or aliskiren-loaded nanoparticles (25 mg/kg/day). After three weeks, the accumulation of aliskiren, distribution of polymeric nanoparticles, gene expression of Atp6ap2 and Agtr1 receptors and ACE, and protein expression of NADPH oxidase along with the conjugated diene (CD) concentration were analyzed. The accumulation of aliskiren in the heart was higher in the aliskiren-loaded nanoparticle group than in the powdered group. The fluorescent signals of nanoparticles were visible in cardiomyocytes, vessel walls, and erythrocytes. Aliskiren-loaded nanoparticles decreased the gene expression of Atp6ap2 and ACE, while not affecting Agtr1. Both forms of aliskiren decreased the protein expression of NADPH oxidase, with a more pronounced effect observed in the aliskiren-loaded nanoparticle group. CD concentration was decreased only in the aliskiren-loaded nanoparticle group. We hypothesize that aliskiren-loaded nanoparticle-mediated downregulation of Atp6ap2 and ACE may contribute to a decrease in ROS generation with beneficial effects in the heart. Moreover, polymeric nanoparticles may represent a promising tool for targeted delivery of aliskiren.

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