DOI: 10.1097/mpa.0000000000002275 ISSN: 1536-4828

Adverse Impact of Sodium Bicarbonate Administration on Multiple Outcomes in Acute Pancreatitis Patients With Hyperlactatemia

Tianao Yan, Chun Zhang, Yifei Ma, KeDong Xu, Shuai Wu, Fengshuo Xu, Yimin Han, Wanzhen Wei, Jun Lyu, Zheng Wang
  • Endocrinology
  • Hepatology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine


Hyperlactatemia is likely to occur among patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). Sodium bicarbonate (SB) therapy could be applied to correct potential detrimental acidic disturbances, but the exact impact of SB treatment is unknown. This study aims to investigate the impact of SB on AP patients complicated with hyperlactatemia.


The study was conducted based on the database named Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care-IV (MIMIC-IV). Propensity matching (PSM) and inverse probability weighting (IPTW) were used to balance the baseline differences. Multivariate regression and marginal structural Cox models were performed to investigate the association between SB and multiple outcomes.


Three hundred fifty-three AP patients with hyperlactatemia (initial serum lactate, >2.0 mmol/L) were extracted from the MIMIC-IV database. We found that SB treatment was significantly associated with worse multi-outcomes of AP patients with hyperlactatemia (in-hospital mortality: hazard ratio, 2.46; 95% confidence interval, 1.38–4.39; P < 0.01). Further analysis through marginal structural Cox models showed that SB had adverse impact on in-hospital prognosis of patients with severe lactic acidosis (pH < 7.15,lactate > 2.0 mmol/L).


Sodium bicarbonate might not be an appropriate treatment for AP patients with hyperlactatemia (lactate > 2.0 mmol/L) or with severe lactic acidosis (pH < 7.15, lactate > 2.0 mmol/L).

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