Xiaoyu Jie, Bing-Chiuan Shiu, Huazhong Wu, Yuchi Zhang, Yuansong Ye, Chunxiang Lin, Run Fang

Adsorption and recovery of Cr(vi) from wastewater by Chitosan–Urushiol composite nanofiber membrane

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering

Abstract Chitosan (CS) is widely used in the treatment of wastewater containing metal ions. However, the poor stability in acidic aqueous solutions severely limits its application in many practical scenarios. In this work, a CS-based composite nanofiber membrane was prepared by electrospinning using urushiol, a natural biomaterial, as the cross-linking agent. The application of the CS-urushiol (CS-U) membrane in the adsorption and recovery of Cr(vi) in wastewater was systematically studied. The CS-U membrane showed great resistance to strongly acidic and oxidative environments, and the adsorption process combined two mechanisms of electrostatic attraction and redox reaction. Due to the nanoscale fibers, porous structure, and strong acid resistance, the CS-U membrane adsorbed Cr(vi) rapidly and efficiently in both batch and continuous modes. Moreover, the adsorption capacity and selectivity of the CS-U membrane for Cr(vi) could be maximized simultaneously by adjusting the solution pH, promoting the recovery of high-purity Cr2O3.

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