DOI: 10.3390/catal14020108 ISSN: 2073-4344

Adsorption and Recombination of H+ and H3O+ on Graphene-Supported Pt1, Pt13, and Pt14 Nanoclusters: A First Principles Study

Sergey A. Smirnov, Ruslan M. Mensharapov, Dmitry D. Spasov, Nataliya A. Ivanova, Sergey A. Grigoriev
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • General Environmental Science

Platinum electrocatalysts on graphene-like supports have recently attracted research interest as components of electrochemical devices based on hydrogen oxidation reactions in acid media due to their improved electrochemical properties, high stability, and conductivity. Within the current work, hydrogen adsorption and the recombination effects of a proton and hydroxonium on a graphene-based electrocatalyst were investigated using density functional theory. The interaction between ions and the platinum surface was simulated for various configurations, including different initial ion distances and angles relative to the surface of the graphene sheet as well as different adsorptions on various Pt atoms (vertices or faces for Pt13 and Pt14 nanoclusters). Then, the geometry optimization was performed. Changes in the density of states during the reactions were studied to analyze the occurrences and alterations of the interactions. A comparative analysis of the obtained adsorption energies of H+ and H3O+ with experimental data was conducted. The energy was calculated to be less in absolute value, and intermediates were more stable in adsorption models with the H–Pt–Gr angle of 90° than in models with the angle of 180°. Strong chemical bonding for models with H–Pt distances less than 2 Å was observed from the DOS.

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