DOI: 10.3390/jmse11081633 ISSN:

Adaptation of Existing Vessels in Accordance with Decarbonization Requirements—Case Study—Mediterranean Port

Bruna Bacalja Bašić, Maja Krčum, Anita Gudelj
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

This research investigates the application of photovoltaic (PV) systems on ship retrofits with the aim of reducing the emission of harmful gases. By using renewable energy resources, this research presents the potential for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and improving energy efficiency in maritime operations, specifically within the Split coastal area. Overcoming the space restrictions on ships, an innovative design is presented to maximize the installation area for solar power. The research is conducted for several cases based on the IHOGA simulator, for all ship phases, and it aims to minimize fuel consumption by the diesel generators, thus emphasizing the use of renewable energy resources. A model with two operational modes is designed: Mode 1 allows surplus power to charge batteries or supply the port network, while Mode 2 covers power deficits from alternative sources. The implementation of renewables results in carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOX) emission reductions. Furthermore, during the ship hotelling phase, the load is supplied entirely by batteries, resulting in zero emissions at the port.

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