DOI: 10.25259/sni_703_2023 ISSN: 2152-7806

Acute subdural hematoma in an infant with a biphasic clinical course and late reduced diffusion

Emiko Hori, Takuya Akai, Kunitaka Maruyama, Yu Saito, Hiromichi Taneichi, Satoshi Kuroda
  • Neurology (clinical)
  • Surgery


Bright tree appearance (BTA) is a characteristic finding on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with transient high intensity in the white matter. BTA is characteristic of infants with acute encephalopathy with biphasic seizures, but it has also been reported in head trauma cases. In this report, we describe an infant case of traumatic brain injury that demonstrated a biphasic clinical course and late reduced diffusion (TBIRD).

Case Description:

A 5-month-old boy suffered from head trauma and developed coma and seizures. Computed tomography scans revealed acute subdural hematoma on the right side. He underwent an emergency operation to remove the hematoma but subsequently had seizure clusters for three days. Diffusion-weighted MR imaging revealed BTA in the right cerebral hemisphere. He was treated with antiepileptic agents and fully recovered to pre-injury condition, and MR imaging no further revealed any BTA 20 days after head trauma. He developed no complications at the 10-month postoperative follow-up.


We reported a case of TBIRD following head trauma in the infant. The pathogenesis remains unclear, but we consider the possibility of biphasic seizures in infant head trauma cases, and we should appropriately administer the anticonvulsants and carefully check for MR imaging.

More from our Archive