Yaotiao Deng, Xingchen Peng, Leo E. Gerweck

Acute Large Dose Irradiation Sensitizes Surviving Cells to Subsequent Irradiation; Implications for Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation
  • Biophysics

To determine if the radiation sensitivity of cells that survive acute high-dose radiation exposure used in stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), differs from the sensitivity of non-irradiated cells and cells that survive multiple 2 Gy doses of radiation. Isogenic rodent and two human tumor cell lines were exposed to 14 × 2 Gy of radiation, or a single acute dose of 12 Gy. The most resistant cell line was also exposed to an acute dose of 15 Gy. One week after 12 Gy, and 4 days after 14 × 2 Gy, surviving cells were exposed to 0–8 Gy in 2 Gy doses and cell survival was assessed by colony formation. In addition, the colony forming efficiency of 12 Gy survivors was evaluated for 1 month postirradiation. For cells exposed to 15 Gy, the response of surviving cells to 6 Gy was determined for up to 35 days postirradiation and compared to the 6 Gy surviving fraction of control cells. The radiation sensitivity of cells that survived 12 Gy exposure, and cells that survived 14 fractions of 2 Gy irradiation did not differ from the response of unirradiated control cells. However, the growth rate and colony forming efficiency of 12 Gy survivors was transiently reduced for greater than 2 weeks postirradiation. In contrast to the unchanged sensitivity of 12 Gy surviving cells at day 7 postirradiation, 15 Gy survivors exhibited enhanced sensitivity to radiation for up to 21 days postirradiation and suggests a biological basis for SBRT.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive