DOI: 10.4103/lungindia.lungindia_225_23 ISSN: 0970-2113

Acute kidney injury in birth asphyxiated patients: A cross sectional study at Bahawal Victoria Hospital

Akhtar Tounsa, Arif Hussain, Irshad Hussain, Rabia Tariq, Muhammad Saqlain, Saba A. Shaikh, Hassan Mumtaz
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


The presence of perinatal asphyxia and its severity appear to correlate with increasing incidence of Acute kidney injury (AKI). The objective of this study is to determine the frequency of AKI and its outcome in birth asphyxia.


This cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Pediatric Medicine from March 2019 to September 2019. A total of 111 newborns with birth asphyxia of gestational age 37–41 weeks were included. Neonates born to mothers having hypertension and diabetes mellitus, patients with congenital kidney anomalies like polycystic kidney disease and renal agenesis, and mothers taking nephrotoxic drugs or any other known cause of AKI like hypovolemic shock were excluded. Urine output (UOP) and final outcome of the patient were also noted. AKI was noted.


The mean gestational age was 38.29 ± 1.07 weeks. The mean weight of neonates was 3.08 ± 0.31 kg. The frequency of AKI in birth asphyxia was 20 (18.02%) neonates. Complete recovery in AKI patients was seen in 07 (35.0%) and death in 13 (65.0%) patients.


This study has shown that the frequency of AKI in birth asphyxia was found in 18.02% neonates with complete recovery seen in 35.0% and death in 65.0% patients.

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