DOI: 10.3390/polym15173509 ISSN:

Acquiring Process Knowledge in Extrusion-Based Additive Manufacturing via Interpretable Machine Learning

Lukas Pelzer, Tobias Schulze, Daniel Buschmann, Chrismarie Enslin, Robert Schmitt, Christian Hopmann
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • General Chemistry

Additive manufacturing (AM), especially the extrusion-based process, has many process parameters which influence the resulting part properties. Those parameters have complex interdependencies and are therefore difficult if not impossible to model analytically. Machine learning (ML) is a promising approach to find suitable combinations of process parameters for manufacturing a part with desired properties without having to analytically model the process in its entirety. However, ML-based approaches are typically black box models. Therefore, it is difficult to verify their output and to derive process knowledge from such approaches. This study uses interpretable machine learning methods to derive process knowledge from interpreted data sets by analyzing the model’s feature importance. Using fused layer modeling (FLM) as an exemplary manufacturing technology, it is shown that the process can be characterized entirely. Therefore, sweet spots for process parameters can be determined objectively. Additionally, interactions between parameters are discovered, and the basis for further investigations is established.

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