DOI: 10.1002/pc.27692 ISSN:

Preparation and characterization of polyhydroxyamide composite fibers reinforced with carbon nanotubes—Experiment and computation collaborative approach

Min Ho Jee, Moon Jin Yeo, Seung Soon Jang, Doo Hyun Baik
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • General Chemistry
  • Ceramics and Composites


An experiment‐computation collaborative approach is conducted to investigate and understand the mechanical reinforcement effect of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on polyhydroxyamide (PHA) composite fibers. The experimental studies provide results of PHA composite fibers with enhanced mechanical properties based on well‐dispersed multi‐walled CNTs (MWCNTs) inside the PHA matrix, suggesting optimal conditions for the experiment‐computation collaborative approach in the polymer/CNT composite systems. For instance, adding MWCNTs up to 2.0 wt% results in an improvement of 48.0% in tensile strength, 36.7% in initial modulus, and 69.9% in breaking strain of the composite fibers. FE‐SEM images show that many MWCNTs are partially exposed or pulled out to the outside of the PHA matrix through the tensile fracture in a very homogeneous dispersion state. In addition, the molecular dynamics (MD) simulation study with a single‐walled CNT (SWCNT) exhibits that the overall displacements of PHA molecules near the CNT surface decrease gradually, which indicates that the PHA molecules form an effective interaction with the CNT. Therefore, it is clear that the excellent interaction between PHA and CNTs, obtained from the results of well‐dispersed CNTs (experiment) and the reduction of the overall displacement of PHA molecules near the CNT surface (computation), is a very important clue to support the improved mechanical characteristics of the PHA fibers reinforced with the CNTs. Moreover, we are confident that the combined experimental‐computational approach used this study will yield valuable insights into the design of composite systems.


Experiment‐computation collaboration reveals enhanced mechanical properties of PHA composite fibers with well‐dispersed CNTs.

Addition of MWCNTs up to 2.0 wt% improves tensile strength by 48.0%, initial modulus by 36.7%, and breaking strain by 69.9%.

FE‐SEM images demonstrate homogeneous dispersion and partial exposure of MWCNTs in the fractured PHA matrix.

MD simulation shows reduced displacements of PHA molecules near SWCNT surface, indicating effective interaction.

Combined experimental‐computational approach offers valuable insights for designing composite systems.

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