DOI: 10.1177/14644207231224979 ISSN: 1464-4207

Acoustical, vibrational, and thermal investigations of pyrolytic carbon black reinforced natural rubber composites

Sunali, Jonty Mago, Ashutosh Negi, Kamal Kishore Pant, Shahab Fatima
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Materials Science

The present study aims to utilize the carbonaceous filler (pyrolytic carbon black (PCB)) obtained from tire waste to fabricate composites for thermal, vibrational, and acoustical applications. Four composites were fabricated by increasing the PCB content (0, 10, 20, and 30 parts per hundred rubber (phr)) in the natural rubber (NR) matrix following ASTM D3182-21a standard. The optimum curing time was determined using a Moving Die Rheometer based on the ASTM D2084-19 standard. The physical, functional, microstructural, wettability, thermal, and mechanical properties of fabricated NR/PCB composites were comprehensively examined. Further, from an application standpoint, the study influence of increasing PCB content in a polymer matrix on thermal conductivity (TC), vibration damping, and sound transmission loss (STL) of the fabricated NR/PCB composites was investigated following ASTM E1530-19, ASTM E756-05, and ASTM E2611-17 standards, respectively. The study results indicate significant enhancement in the properties of the composites with increased PCB content. Specifically, the reinforcement of 30 phr of PCB in the polymer matrix led to a notable increase in TC (at 40 °C) by approximately 21.16% compared to NR/PCB0 composite. Also, the configuration mild steel (MS)  +  NR/PCB30 achieved the highest damping ratio, measuring 6.56 at the third vibration mode. Moreover, the average STL value of the NR/PCB30 composite showed a notable improvement of approximately 17.19% when compared to the NR/PCB0 composite, underscoring the effectiveness of PCB in enhancing the desired properties of the NR-based composites.

More from our Archive