Kamil Solarczyk, Brian Patterson

Abstract B033: Direct and sensitive in-situ detection of DNA breaks by STRIDE and its potential as a new biomarker

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Abstract DNA damage is usually detected using indirect methods which require active signaling and triggered DNA repair mechanisms. These methods, although relatively sensitive, are prone to false (positive or negative) results. Methods for direct DNA damage detection, on the other hand, suffer from low sensitivity or require DNA isolation, what can result in misleading artefactual readouts of the analysis. Here we present a method called STRIDE (SensiTive Recognition of Individual DNA Ends), which allows for specific, very sensitive in-situ detection of DNA breaks. This fluorescence-based method, in its two variants (dSTRIDE and sSTRIDE), allows selective labelling of double-or single-strand breaks, respectively. STRIDE enables highly sensitive and specific detection and quantification of single and double-strand DNA breaks in cultured cells and FFPE human tissues, both PBMCs as well as solid tumors. STRIDE is superior to classic methods used to measure DNA damage, as it combines a direct detection that is independent of DNA repair mechanisms with an unprecedented sensitivity. With its versatility it can be used in any type of biological material, including liquid biopsies as well as different types of tumors. STRIDE has the potential to become a very useful biomarker reporting about the efficiency of therapies based on DNA damage induction, such as DNA repair inhibitors or radiotherapy. Citation Format: Kamil Solarczyk, Brian Patterson. Direct and sensitive in-situ detection of DNA breaks by STRIDE and its potential as a new biomarker [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR Special Conference in Cancer Research: DNA Damage Repair: From Basic Science to Future Clinical Application; 2024 Jan 9-11; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2024;84(1 Suppl):Abstract nr B033.

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